Publications

Our publications

To view our publications, which include journal articles, newspaper articles and book chapters, please go here.


Other publications

If you are interested in this field, you may value the list of references that we have put together below:

 

Allik, J., & McCrae, R. R. (2004). Toward a Geography of Personality Traits: Patterns of Profiles Across 36 Cultures. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 35(1), 13-28.

 

Allport, G. W., & Odbert, H. S. (1936). Trait names. A psycho-lexical study. Psychological Monographs, 47(211), 171.

 

Arvey, R. D., & Murphy, K. R. (1998). Performance evaluation in work settings. Annual Review of Psychology, 49, 141-168.

 

Ashton, M. C., Lee, K., Perugini, M., Szarota, P., de Vries, R. E., Di Blas, L., Boies, K., & De Raad, B. (2004). A six-factor structure of personality-descriptive adjectives: solutions from psycholexical studies in seven languages. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86(2), 356-366.

 

Averill, J. R., Chon, K. K., & Hahn, D. W. (2001). Emotions and creativity, East and West. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 4(3), 165-183.

 

Bandura, A. (1977). Social learning theory. Oxford: Prentice-Hall.

 

Bar-On, R. (1997). Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i): Technical manual. Toronto, Canada: Multi-Health Systems.

 

Barrett, P. (1999). Rejoinder to: The Eysenckian personality structure: A ‘Giant Three’ or ‘Big Five’ model in Hong Kong? Personality & Individual Differences, 26(1), 175-186.

 

Barrett, P., & Kline, P. (1982). An item and radial parcel factor analysis of the 16PF questionnaire. Personality & Individual Differences, 3(3), 259-270.

 

Barrick, M. R., & Mount, M. K. (1991). The Big-Five personality dimensions and job performance: A meta-analysis. Personnel Psychology, 44, 1-26.

 

Barrick, M., Mount, M. & Judge, T. (2001). Personality and performance at the beginning of the new millennium: What do we know and where do we go next? Personality and Performance, 9, 9-30.

 

Bartram, D. (1993). Validation of the “ICES” personality inventory. European Review of Applied Psychology/Revue Europeenne de Psychologie Appliquee. Special The validity and utility of personality assessment in occupational psychology, 43(3), 207-218.

 

Bartram, D. (2001). The Development of International Guidelines on Test Use: The International Test Commission Project. International Journal of Testing, 1(1), 33-53.

 

Baumgarten, F. (1933). Die Charaktereigenschaften [The charactertraits], Beiträge zur Charakter- und Persönlichkeitsforschung. In F. De Fruyt, R.R. McCrae, Z. Szirmák & N. János (2004), The Five-Factor Personality Inventory as a Measure of the Five-Factor Model: Belgian, American, and Hungarian comparisons with the NEO-PI-R. Assessment, 11(3), 207-215.

 

Beck, A. T. (1991). Cognitive Therapy: A 30-Year Retrospective. American Psychologist, 46(4), 368-375.

 

Black, J. (2000). Personality testing and police selection: Utility of the ‘Big Five.’ New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 29(1), 2-9.

 

Blickle, G. (1996). Personality traits, learning strategies, and performance. European Journal of Personality. Special Personality, learning, and education, 10(5), 337-352.

 

Block, J. (1995a). A contrarian view to the five factor approach of personality description. Psychological Bulletin, 117, 187-215.

 

Block, J. (1995b). Going beyond the five factors given: Rejoinder to Costa and McCrae (1995) and Goldberg and Saucier (1995). Psychological Bulletin, 117(2), 226-229.

 

Bond, M. H., Nakazato, H., & Shiraishi, D. (1975). Universality and distinctiveness in dimensions of Japanese person perception. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 6(3), 346-357.

 

Bond, M. (1991). Beyond the Chinese face: Lesson from psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

 

Borkenau, P., & Ostendorf, F. (1990). Comparing exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis: A study on the 5-factor model of personality. Personality & Individual Differences, 11(5), 515-524.

 

Borman, W. C., & Brush, D. H. (1993). More progress toward a taxonomy of managerial performance requirements. Human Performance, 6(1), 1-21.

 

Borman, W.C. and Motowidlo, S.J. (1993). Expanding the criterion domain to include elements of contextual performance. In

 

Borman, W.C. and Motowidlo, S.J. (1997). Task performance and contextual performance: The meaning for personnel selection research. Human Performance 10(2) , 99–110.

 

Borman, W. C., Penner, L. A., Allen, T. D., & Motowidlo, S. J. (2001). Personality predictors of citizenship performance. International Journal of Selection & Assessment, 9(1-2), 52-69.

 

Brislin, R.W. (1980). Translation and content analysis of oral and written material. In H. C. Triandis & J.W. Berry (Eds.), Handbook of cross-cultural psychology (Vol.1, pp389-444). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

 

British Psychological Society. (2001). A Review of Personality Assessment Measures (Level B) for use in Occupational Settings. Leicester: British Psychological Society.

 

Brown, R. and Barrett, P.T. (1999). Differences between applicant and non-applicant personality questionnaire data: some implications for the creation and use of norm tables. BPS Test User Conference Proceedings, pp. 76-86. Leicester: British Psychological Society.

 

Bryant and Yarnold (1995). Principal components analysis and exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. In L.G. Grimm and P.R. Yarnold, Reading and understanding multivariate statistics. Washingon D.C. American Psychological Association.

 

Budd, R.J. (1991). Manual for the OPP. Letchworth: Psytech International Limited.

 

Budd, R.J. (1992). 15FQ Technical Manual. Letchworth: Psytech International Limited.

 

Buss, D. M. (1996). Social adaptation and five major factors of personality. In J. S. Wiggins (Ed.), The five-factor model of personality: Theoretical perspectives (pp. 180-207). New York: Guilford.

 

Carlotta, A.J. (1985). The development of the Panukat ng Pagkataong Pilipino. In M.A.Guanzon-Lapena, A.T. Church, A.J. Carlota, M.S. Katigbak (1998). Indigenous personality measures: Philippine examples. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 29(1), 249-270.

 

Cascio, W. F. (1995). Whither industrial and organizational psychology in a changing world of work? American Psychologist, 50(11), 928-939.

 

Cattell, R. B. (1943). The description of personality: Basic traits resolved into clusters. Journal of Abnormal & Social Psychology, 38, 476-506.

 

Cattell, H. E. P. (1996). The original Big-Five personality factor structure/I Big-Five originali: Una prospettiva storica. Bollettino di Psicologia Applicata, 219, 15-29.

 

Cattell, R. B. (1956). Second-order personality factors in the questionnaire realm. Journal of consulting psychology, 20, 411-418.

 

Cattell, R.B. (1973). Personality and mood by questionnaire. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

 

Cattell, R.B., Eber, H.W., & Tatsuoka, M. (1970). Handbook for the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire. Champaign, IL: Institute for Personality & Ability Testing.

 

Chan, D. W., & Lee, H. B. (1995). Patterns of psychological test usage in Hong Kong in 1993. Professional Psychology: Research & Practice, 26(3), 292-297.

 

Cheung, F. M. (2002, July 7-12). Significance of indigenous constructs in the study of personality. Paper presented at the 25th International Congress of Applied Psychology, Singapore.

 

Cheung, F. M. (2004). Use of Western and indigenously developed personality tests in Asia. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 53(2), 173-191.

 

Cheung, F., Cheung, S., Leung, K., Ward, C. & Leong, F. (2003). The English Version of the Chinese Personality Assessment Inventory. Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, 34(4), 433-452.

 

Cheung, F. M., Cheung, S. F., Wada, S., & Zhang, J. (2003). Indigenous Measures of Personality Assessment in Asian Countries: A Review. Psychological Assessment, 15(3), 280-289.

 

Cheung, F.M., Cheung, S. F., Zhang, J.X., Leung, K., Leong, F., Yeh, K. H. (2004). Openness as a Personality Dimension in the Chinese Cultural Context: Aspects of its Universality? Unpublished manuscript.

 

Cheung, F.M., & Leung, K. (1998). Indigenous personality measures: Chinese examples. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 29, 233-248.

 

Cheung, F. M., Leung, K., Fan, R., Song,W. Z., Zhang, J. X., & Zhang, J. P. (1996). Development of the Chinese Personality Assessment Inventory (CPAI). Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 27(2), 181-199.

 

Cheung, F. M., Leung, K., Song, W. Z., Zhang, J. X. (2001). The Cross-Cultural (Chinese) Personality Assessment Inventory-2 (CPAI-2) – Scale Description. (Available from F. M. Cheung, Department of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR.).

 

Cheung, F. M., Leung, K., Zhang, J.-x., Sun, H.-f., Gan, Y.-q., Song, W.-z., & Xie, D. (2001). Indigenous Chinese personality constructs: Is the Five-Factor Model complete? Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 32(4), 407-433.

 

Cheung, F.M., Song, W.Z., & Zhang, J.X. (1996). The Chinese MMPI-2: Research and applications in Hong Kong and the People’s Republic of China. In J.M. Butcher (Ed.), International adaptations of the MMPI-2: A handbook of research and applications (pp.137-161). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

 

Chiu, C.-y. (1990). Effects of personality and performance on in-group favoritism among Hong Kong Chinese. Journal of Social Psychology, 130(6), 841-843.

 

Church, A. T. (2001). Personality measurement in cross-cultural perspective. Journal of Personality, 69(6), 979-1006.

 

Church, A. T., & Burke, P. J. (1994). Exploratory and confirmatory tests of the Big Five and Tellegen’s three- and four-dimensional models. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 66(1), 93-114.

 

Church, A. T., Katigbak, M. S., & Reyes, J. A. S. (1996). Toward a taxonomy of trait adjectives in Filipino: Comparing personality lexicons across cultures. European Journal of Personality, 10(1), 3-24.

 

Church, A. T., & Lonner, W. J. (1998). The cross-cultural perspective in the study of personality: Rationale and current research. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 29(1), 32-62.

 

Conley, J. J. (1985). Longitudinal Stability of Personality Traits: A Multitrait-Multimethod-Multioccasion Analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49(5), 1266-1282.

 

Consulting Psychologists Press. (1969). The California Personality Inventory. Mountain View, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.

 

Costa, P.T. Jnr., & McCrae, R.R., (1985). The NEO Personality Inventory Manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.

 

Costa, P.T. Jnr., & McCrae, R.R., (1988). From Catalog to Classification: Murray’s Needs and the Five-Factor Model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55(2), 258-265.

 

Costa, P.T., & McCrae, R.R., (1992a). Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.

 

Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1992b). Four ways five factors are basic. Personality & Individual Differences, 13(6), 653-665.

 

Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1995). Solid ground in the wetlands of personality: A reply to Block. Psychological bulletin, 117(2), 216-220.

 

Costa, P. T., Jr., & McCrae, R. R. (2002). Looking backward: Changes in the mean levels of personality traits from 80 to 12. In D. Cervone & W. Mischel (Eds.), Advances in personality science (pp. 219-237). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

 

Costa, P. T., McCrae, R. R., & Dye, D. A. (1991). Facet scales for agreeableness and conscientiousness: A revision of the NEO Personality Inventory. Personality & Individual Differences, 12(9), 887-898.

 

Costa, P. T., Terracciano, A., & McCrae, R. R. (2001). Gender differences in personality traits across cultures: Robust and surprising findings. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81(2), 322-331.

 

Cox, T. & Gotts, G. (1987). General Well-being Questionnaire Manual. Nottingham: University of Nottingham.

 

Cox, T., Thirlaway, M., Gotts, G., & Cox, S. (1983). The nature and assessment of general well-being. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 27(5), 353-359.

 

Cronbach, L. J., & Gleser, G. C. (1965). Psychological tests and personnel decisions. Oxford, England: U. Illinois Press.

 

Cue, D. 2002. The expanded role of personality variables in the prediction of job success: Using job analytically derived personality predictors of task, contextual, and overall job performance. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences & Engineering, 63(1-B), Jul 2002, 575.

 

Dasgupta, S. (2004). Neurosis and Stress Coping Behaviour. Social Science International, 20(1), 55-59.

 

Davis, D. L., Grove, S. J., & Knowles, P. A. (1990). An experimental application of personality type as an analogue for decision-making style. Psychological reports, 66(1), 167-175.

 

De Fruyt, F., McCrae, R. R., Szirmák, Z. & János, N. (2004). The Five-Factor Personality Inventory as a Measure of the Five-Factor Model: Belgian, American, and Hungarian comparisons with the NEO-PI-R. Assessment, 11(3), 207-215.

 

De Raad, B., & Perugini, M. (Eds.). (2002). Big five assessment. Ashland, OH: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers.

 

Derven, M.D. (1990). The paradox of performance appraisals. Personnel Journal, 69, February, 107-111.

 

DeVellis, R.F. (1991). Scale development. Newbury Park, NJ: Sage Publications.

 

Diener, E. & Lucas, R. (2000). Emotional Well-Being. In M. Lewis & J. M. Haviland (Eds). Handbook of Emotions (2nd Ed.). New York: Guilford.

 

Diener, E., Oishi, S., & Lucas, R. E. (2003). Personality, culture, and subjective well-being: Emotional and cognitive evaluations of life. Annual Review of Psychology, 54, 403-425.

 

Digman, J. M., & Inouye, J. (1986). Further specification of the five robust factors of personality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50(1), 116-123.

 

Digman, J. M., & Takemoto-Chock, N. K. (1981). Factors in the natural language of personality: Re-analysis, comparison, and interpretation of six major studies. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 16(2), 149-170.

 

Dollard, J., & Miller, N. E. (1950). Personality and psychotherapy: an analysis in terms of learning, thinking, and culture. New York: McGraw-Hill.

 

Draguns, J. G. (2001). Toward a truly international psychology: Beyond English only. American Psychologist, 56(11), 1019-1030.

 

Driskell, J. E., Hogan, J., Salas, E., & Hoskin, B. (1994). Cognitive and personality predictors of training performance. Military Psychology, 6(1), 31-46.

 

Du Bois, C. (1964). Social forces in southeast Asia. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1964.

 

Dunfee, T.W. and Warren, D.E. (2001). Is Guanxi ethical? A normative analysis of doing business in China. Journal of Business Ethics, 32(3), 191-204.

 

Dyer, E. D. (1987). Can university success and first-year job performance be predicted from academic achievement, vocational interest, personality and biographical measures? Psychological Reports, 61(2), 655-671.

 

Ellis, A., & Harper, R. A. (1975). A new guide to rational living. Oxford: Prentice-Hall.

 

Ethnologue.com. (2005). Languages of China [Internet]. Retrieved 11th July, 2005, from the World Wide Web: http://www.ethnologue.com/show_map.asp?name=CN&seq=20

 

Eysenck, H. J. (1947). Dimensions of Personality. Oxford, England: Kegan Paul.

 

Eysenck, H. J. (1982). The biological basis of cross-cultural differences in personality: Blood group antigens. Psychological Reports, 51(2), 531-540.

 

Eysenck, H. J. (1991). Dimensions of personality: The biosocial approach to personality. In J. Strelau & A. Angleitner (Eds.), Explorations in temperament: International perspectives on theory and measurement. Perspectives on individual differences (pp. 87-103). New York, NY: Plenum Press.

 

Eysenck, H.J., & Eysenck, S.B. (1969). Personality structure and measurement. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

 

Fincher, C. (1984). Educational quality and measured outcomes. Research in Higher Education, 20(3), 379-382.

 

Fiske, D. W. (1949). Consistency of the factorial structures of personality ratings from different sources. Journal of Abnormal & Social Psychology, 44, 329-344.

 

Flanagan, J. C. (1954). The critical incident technique. Psychological Bulletin, 51, 327-358.

 

Freud, S. (1949). An outline of psychoanalysis. Oxford: Norton & Co.

 

Friday, A. S. (2005). Criterion-related validity of Big Five adolescent personality traits. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences & Engineering, 65(9-B), pp. 4485.

 

Friedman, A. F., Lewak, R., Nichols, D. S., & Webb, J. T. (2001). Psychological assessment with the MMPI-2. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

 

Furnham, A., & Stringfield, P. (1993). Personality and occupational behavior: Myers-Briggs Type Indicator correlates of managerial practices in two cultures. Human Relations, 46, 827-848.

 

Galton, F. (1884). Measurement of character. Fortnightly Review, 36, 179-185.

 

Gerbing, D. W., & Tuley, M. R. (1991). The 16PF related to the five-factor model of personality: Multiple-indicator measurement versus the a priori scales. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 26(2), 271-289.

 

Goldberg, L. R. (1972). Parameters of personality inventory construction and utilization: A comparison of prediction strategies and tactics. Multivariate Behavioral Research Monographs, 72-2.

 

Goldberg, L. R. (1981). Language and individual differences: The search for universals in personality lexicons. In L. Wheeler (Ed.), Review of personality and social psychology (Vol. 2, pp. 141–165). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

 

Goldberg, L. R. (1990). An alternative “Description of Personality”: The Big-Five factor structure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59(6), 1216-1229.

 

Goldberg, L.R. (1992). The development of markers for the big-5 factor structure. Psychological Assessment, 4, 26-42.

 

Goldberg, L. R., & Saucier, G. (1995). So what do you propose we use instead? A reply to block. Psychological Bulletin, 117(2), 221-225.

 

Gregory, R. J. (2004). Psychological testing: History, principles, and applications. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

 

Guion, R.M. and Gottier, R.F. (1965). Validity of personality measures in personnel selection. Personnel Psychology. 18(2), 135-164.

 

Guthrie, G. M., & Bennett, A. B. (1971). Cultural differences in implicit personality theory. International Journal of Psychology, 6(4), 305-312.

 

Hambleton, R.K., & Patsula, L. (1998). Adapting tests for use in multiple languages and cultures. Social Indicators Research, 45(1-3), 153-171.

 

Hassard, J. (1987). FOCUS as a phenomenological technique for job analysis: Its use in multiple paradigm research (MPR). International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 27(4), 413-433.

 

Hempel, P.S. (2001). Differences between Chinese and Western managerial views of performance. Personnel Review, 30(2), 203-226.

 

Higgins, L. T. & Sun, H. C. (2002). The development of psychological testing in China. International Journal of Psychology, 37(4), 246-254.

 

Ho, D. Y., & Spinks, J. A. (1985). Multivariate prediction of academic performance by Hong Kong University students. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 10(3), 249-259.

 

Ho, D. (1998). Indigenous psychologies: Asian perspectives. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 29(1), 88-103.

 

Hogan, R. (1982). A socioanalytic theory of personality. Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, 55-89.

 

Hogan, R., & Hogan, J. (1995). Manual for the Hogan Personality Inventory. Tulsa, OK: Hogan Assessment Systems.

 

Hogan, J. & Holland, B. (2003). Using Theory to Evaluate Personality and Job-Performance Relations: A Socioanalytic Perspective. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(1),100-112.

 

Hogan, J., & Roberts, B. W. (1996). Issues and non-issues in the fidelity-bandwidth trade-off. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 17(6), 627-637.

 

Hollon, S. D., & Beck, A. T. (2000). Cognitive Therapy. London: Oxford University Press.

 

Hong, Y.-y., Chan, G., Chiu, C.-y., Wong, R. Y. M., Hansen, I. G., Lee, S.-l., Tong, Y.-y., & Fu, H.-y. (2003). How Are Social Identities Linked to Self-Conception and Intergroup Orientation? The Moderating Effect of Implicit Theories. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85(6), 1147-1160.

 

Horn, J.L. (1967). On subjectivity in factor analysis. Educational & Psychological Measurement, 27(4), 811-820.

 

Howarth, E. (1976). Were Cattell’s personality sphere factors correctly identified in the first instance? British Journal of Psychology, 67(2), 213-230.

 

Howarth, E., & Browne, J. A. (1971). An item-factor-analysis of the 16 PF. Personality: An International Journal. Vol, 2(2), 117-139.

 

Hui, H. (2005). Chinese Personality at Work (CPW)Questionnaire [Internet]. Retrieved 22 June, 2005, from the World Wide Web: http://web.hku.hk/~huiharry/huiharry/cpw.htm

 

Hui, H., Cheng, K. & Gan, Y. (2000). Predicting Work Performance with a Contextual, Narrow-Based Personality Questionnaire: The Chinese Experience. Working Paper 2000-015-01, Chinese Management Centre, University of Hong Kong. (Also presented at the 15th Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, New Orleans, Louisiana, April, 2000.)

 

Hui, H., Gan, Y. & Cheng, K. (2000). The Chinese Personality at Work Questionnaire: Development, validation, and significance (Article written in Chinese). Acta Psychologica Sinica, 32(4), 443 – 452

 

Hunter, J.E., Schmidt, F.L., Rauchenberger, J.M.R. & Jayne, M.F.A. (2000). Intelligence, motivation and job performance. In C.L. Cooper & A.E. Locke (Eds.), Industrial and organizational psychology: Linking theory with practice. Oxford: Blackwell.

 

Jackson, D.N. (1984). Personality Research Form Manual (Third Edition). Port Hurron, MI: Research Psychologists Press.

 

Jang, K. L., McCrae, R. R., Angleitner, A., Riemann, R., & Livesley, W. J. (1998). Heritability of facet-level traits in a cross-cultural twin sample: Support for a hierarchical model of personality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1556-1565.

 

Jenkins, M., and Griffith, R. (2004). Using personality constructs to predict performance: Narrow or broad bandwidth. Journal of Business & Psychology, 19(2), 255-269.

 

John, O. P. (1990). The “Big Five” factor taxonomy: Dimensions of personality in the natural language and in questionnaires. In L. A. Pervin (Ed.), (1990). Handbook of personality: Theory and research (pp. 66-100). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

 

Katigbak, M. S., Church, A. T., Guanzon-Lapeña, M. A., Carlota, A. J., & del Pilar, G. H. (2002). Are indigenous personality dimensions culture specific? Philippine inventories and the five-factor model. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 82(1), 89-101.

 

Kelly, G. A. (1955). The psychology of personal constructs. I. A theory of personality. II. Clinical diagnosis and psychotherapy. Oxford: Norton & Co.

 

Kennedy, R. B., & Kennedy, D. A. (2004). Using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator in career counseling. Journal of Employment Counseling, 41(1), 38-44.

 

Kwong, J. Y. Y., & Cheung, F. M. (2003). Prediction of performance facets using specific personality traits in the Chinese context. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 63(1), 99-110.

 

Lawrie, J. (1990). Prepare for a performance appraisal. Personnel Journal, 69, April, 132-136.

 

Leung, K., Cheung, F.M., Zhang, J.X., Song, W.Z., & Xie,D. (1997). The five-factor model of personality in China. In F.M. Cheung, S.F. Cheung, J.X. Zhang, K. Leung, F. Leong, & K.H. Yeh. (2004). Openness as a Personality Dimension in the Chinese Cultural Context: Aspects of its Universality? Unpublished manuscript.

 

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Lin, E.J. (2003). Are indigenous Chinese personality dimensions culture-specific? An investigation of the Chinese Personality Assessment Inventory in Chinese American and European American samples. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences & Engineering, 63(7-B), Feb 2003, pp. 3505.

 

Loehlin, J. C., McCrae, R. R., Costa, P. T., Jr., & John, O. P. (1998). Heritabilities of common and measure-specific components of the Big Five personality factors. Journal of Research in Personality, 32, 431-453.

 

Lounsbury, J. W., Gibson, L. W., Sundstrom, E., Wilburn, D., & Loveland, J. M. (2004). An Empirical Investigation of the Proposition that ‘School Is Work’: A comparison of personality-performance correlations in school and work settings. Journal of Education & Work, 17(1), 119-131.

 

Lyne, K. D., Barrett, P. T., Williams, C., & Coaley, K. (2000). A psychometric evaluation of the Occupational Stress Indicator. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 73, 195-220.

 

Matthews, D., & Deary, I.J. (1998). Personality traits. Cambridge: University Press.

 

McCrae, R. R. (2002). Cross-cultural research on the five-factor model of personality. In W. J. Lonner, D. L. Dinnel, S. A. Hayes, & D. N. Sattler (Eds.), Online Readings in Psychology and Culture (Unit 6, Chapter 1), (http://www.wwu.edu/~culture), Center for Cross-Cultural Research, Western Washington University, Bellingham, Washington USA.

 

McCrae, R. R. (2004). Human nature and culture: A trait perspective. Journal of Research in Personality, 38(1), 3-14.

 

McCrae, R.R., & Allik, J. (Eds.). (2002). The Five-Factor Model across cultures. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.

 

McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T. (1985). Updating Norman’s “Adequate Taxonomy”: Intelligence and Personality Dimensions in Natural Language and in Questionnaires. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49 (3), 710-721.

 

McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T. (1987). Validation of the five-factor model of personality across instruments and observers. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(1), 81-90.

 

McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T., Jr. (1990). Personality in adulthood. New York: Guilford.

 

McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T. (1997). Personality Trait Structure as a Human Universal. American Psychologist, 52(5), 509-516.

 

McCrae, R.R., Costa, P.T., Del Pilar, G.H., Rolland, J. & Parker, W.D. (1999). Cross-cultural assessment of the five-factor model: The revised NEO Personality Inventory. Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, 29(1), 171-188.

 

McCrae, R. R., Costa, P. T., Ostendorf, F., Angleitner, A., Hrebícková, M., Avia, M. D., Sanz, J., Sánchez-Bernardos, M. L., Kusdil, M. E., Woodfield, R., Saunders, P.R., & Smith, P.B. (2000). Nature over nurture: Temperament, personality, and life span development. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78(1), 173-186.

 

McCrae, R. R., & John, O. P. (1992). An introduction to the five-factor model and its applications. Journal of Personality, 60(2), 175-215.

 

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